The judgment relating to who should pay the costs of the proceedings in this case gives some welcome clarification - and no shortage of relief - to those who wish to make a will which makes no provision for individuals who they themselves believe should inherit an estate in part or in full.

The recent trend against testamentary freedom in reported cases has worried many will makers and professional advisors alike.

This case should serve as a lesson to those who seek to challenge the express wishes of a deceased person, and give reassurance to those who wish to make unusual but justifiable provisions in the distribution of their estate on death.